Keep spill response kits in central locations within the production area, near waste storage areas, and in locations easily accessible from loading docks and parking lots. Identify and provide at least the minimum quantity of items needed to respond to a spill. The specific contents of the spill response kit will depend upon the material or materials present in the facility. For example, neutralizing agents for acids and bases should be in the kits where these materials are used. For spills of flammable materials, non-sparking equipment is preferred.
The spill response kit (drum) must be kept sealed when not in use. If the seal is broken, an inventory of the contents must be taken, and any missing items must be replenished.
Suggested contents include:
Spill Response Kit
- 2 Pair Rubber Boots
- 2 Pair Gloves
- 2 Pair Safety Goggles
- 2 Plastic (non-sparking) Shovels
- 2 Vapor Masks
- Spill Control Booms & Pads (Approx. 6)
- Mop Head (use non-metal handle)
- Non-Sparking Kit Wrench
- Non-Sparking Pliers
- Vermiculite, cat litter or other absorbent
- Disposal Bag, 3 mil thickness
Often, employees will utilize this equipment to clean up a small spill and forget to notify someone that the supplies need to be replenished. It is also common for employees, when running short on certain supplies, to open the emergency response equipment container to obtain what they need. For this reason emergency spill response kits should be regularly inspected for broken seals, replenished, and resealed.
According to U.S. EPA if hazardous waste is stored at the facility, emergency response equipment is required to be provided.
Depending on the type of material spilled and the volume will depend on whether the incident must be reported to U.S. EPA at the National Response Center (800)424-8802, local fire department, local emergency planning committee, and the state environmental or state fire marshal